Alpine Ecosystem Services - mapping, maintenance, management

NUTS-3-region “Innsbruck”, Austria

UIBK and IGF/ÖAW have chosen the NUTS-3-Region “Innsbruck” as a test region for the (re)calculation, evaluation and interpretation of the ecosystem service indicators, which are being developed within the framework of the AlpES project. This NUTS-3-region has an area of 2095 km² with an altitude between 500 and 3500 metres above sea level. An area of only 308 km² is suitable for construction and long-term settlement. With regard to land cover, settlement areas make up 4,8%  of the region and arable land together with meadows and pastures another 8,9% . Forests comprise 36,6% of the land area and natural grassland and wasteland 23,2% and 25,1% (2011), respectively. About 42% of the area in the Innsbruck region is designated as protected area to various (2015).

The NUTS-3-region Innsbruck is composed of 66 municipalities and has about 305 000 inhabitants, 43% of whom reside in the city of Innsbruck. The city of Innsbruck and its surrounding municipalities are highly urbanized. Other municipalities retain a more rural character. Economic activities are centred in the valleys with the city of Innsbruck being a major employment hub.  The service sector is the most dominant economic sector employing 79,1% of the workforce in 2011. In the agricultural and forestry sector 1,4% of the population is employed. The remaining 19,5% works in the manufacturing sector. Innsbruck is an important transit region with high traffic volumes in the Inn Valley and on the Innsbruck-Brenner section. The region attracts many tourists during the summer (3,5 million overnight stays in 2015) as well as during the winter (3,3 million overnight stays in 2015).  The main attractions are the many outdoor activities (skiing, mountaineering, hiking, etc.) in summer and winter, as well as the city of Innsbruck itself.

The NUTS-3-region Innsbruck is highly diverse in terms of economic activities, land cover and degrees of urbanization. This diversity combined with a considerable settlement pressure, high traffic volumes and demand for renewable energies makes the region suitable and interesting for testing ecosystem service indicators. 

Tirol Atlas, UIBK:

Amt der Tiroler Landesregierung:

Promotional material: Flyer NUTS 3 Innsbruck DE